Blog Post 4; The Civil Rights Movement

Although the United States has been the center of attention in most of my blogs, this particular post will be centered around one movement that changed the world, the Civil Rights Movement. In the 1960’s, the Civil Rights Movement pushed for equality and to reform national segregation. Although this world changing event was a huge social and political movement, it did not come without its consequences. Much of the social, political, and economic consequences will be further discussed, along with the positive social and political changes within the United States and the world.

March_on_washington_Aug_28_1963
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African-American_Civil_Rights_Movement_(1954–68)
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http://25701730.weebly.com/civil-rights-movement.html

The pictures above portray some of the boycotts during the time of the Civil Rights Movement. It is important to note that there is not only African Americans within the pictures, but also some white people as well. In the first image you can see that they are boycotting the fact that they do not receive a good amount of pay for their work, and most of the people within that picture are men. In the second image, you can see that the women are boycotting the fact that they do not receive good enough housing, enough money in their jobs, and the fact that they are not receiving equal rights. When looking at these images, I think it is amazing and empowering to know that African Americans took a stand against the things they did not agree with. Yet, it is still saddening to see that they had to fight so hard for the most simplistic things, like equal rights or better schooling for example.

While i was researching over the Civil Rights Movement (http://25701730.weebly.com/civil-rights-movement.html), I learned that the movement did not only focus on race, but also gender, students, and minorities. When the article spoke about gender, it was mostly speaking about women in general, and i think this aspect of the movement is very important. Also, i think it is important that it focused on students as well. During that time, blacks were not given good enough education, and that was a big aspect that was boycotted. If things were going to start becoming equal, why couldn’t the blacks receive the same quality of education as the white people, why did schools have to be segregated? When reading through, Black Teachers and the Early Civil Rights Movement, I found it interesting when Dougherty wrote about how in 1930, not a single Black teacher had even been employed by Milwaukee public schools. I also thought it was interesting and sad when he talked about how Black families faced segregated housing, and the public schools were zoned off by neighborhoods so there was not a big variety of schools for Black children to attend.

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https://andreakrobson.wordpress.com/2013/06/25/the-new-civil-rights-movement-a-new-generation-begins-the-fight-for-civil-rights/

Although the 1960’s was a very difficult time, especially for colored people, there were a lot of good things that came from the Civil Rights Movement. Many African Americans and minorities could spread their culture throughout the United States freely, and no one could stop them from that. I think this is an important aspect of the movement because it allowed people to speak freely, and really just be their own person without other peoples influence. Once blacks and whites became equal among each other, it reduced the rioting and hate within society, even though it took a while for people to adjust to each other. I think this is the most important thing that came from the movement, it allowed for whites and blacks to work together instead of being separated and this really only made our country and the world stronger. The man who can be held responsible for the ending of segregation was Martin Luther King Junior. He can be seen in the image provided to you above, where he was able to give his famous speech of “I Have a Dream“. Although he did not live to see the amount of impact he had on the world, he has gone down in history as the man who put an end to segregation, and that is a huge and glorifying accomplishment.

Within the great moments of the Civil Rights Movement, there were a lot of consequences that had occurred as well. Although whites and blacks had started working together in order to end segregation, it did not make a lot of white people happy. A lot of whites tended to believe that the blacks were trying to steal their jobs from them, when really the blacks were just trying to make a living just like everyone else. For a while there was a big discussion on whether whites and blacks could marry each other, or even start a family together. I am unsure why this was such a big deal, everyone is supposed to be treated equal, so why would interracial marriage be a problem? Also, in the beginning of the movement, a lot of minorities and blacks were not receiving a good enough amount of money for the work they had put it, especially women of color.

Indeed the Civil Rights Movement was a huge change and influence within the United States and also the world. This is what changed the aspect of segregation, and in which eventually came to a halt thanks to Martin Luther King Junior. I was happy to see that more good came out of this historical time than bad, because the blacks deserved to have some equality come into their life after everything they had been through. It was empowering to see how they stood up for the things they did not agree with, because they eventually knew that their opinion mattered and they knew they had rights of their own. I learned a lot by reading through the different articles provided to us, and by doing some of my own research on this topic as well. Finally, the African Americans are gaining respect, and are actually being treated as human beings. This movement made impressive strides throughout the United States, even if it took a while for things to settle down.

Blog Post 3; Transatlantic Slavery

The biggest component of African American Studies is learning about slavery, and how it has impacted the world today. Although slavery and the slave trade began within the 1600’s, the remnants of this awful aspect still remain. It is unfortunate that although slavery occurred some hundreds of years ago, the stigma still impacts many Africans and African Americans socially, economically, and culturally. I think today Africans and African Americans are struggling the most from racism. It is disheartening to even have to say that racism still exists, but it is the reality of our cruel world.

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http://www.nps.gov/liho/learn/historyculture/slavery.htm
James_Hopkinsons_Plantation_Slaves_Planting_Sweet_Potatoes
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slavery_in_the_United_States

The second picture above is an example of what the Africans had to do on a daily basis, and the first picture is an example of what would happen to them if they did not obey their masters orders. It is simply disgusting how the Europeans treated their slaves, I do not know how the masters could even have the ability to whip them or even kill them. I think the mistreatment by the Europeans is what has caused the biggest problem among Africans and African Americans. No one wants to be treated in they way the Africans were treated, and no one should be treated in that way either. Imagine if the roles were reversed, and the Africans became the masters and the Europeans became the slaves and were mistreated in the same way. I cannot even imagine what the world would be like today, it would contain constant bitterness and hate. This is why I have the upmost respect for the Africans and African Americans, because although they did not agree with what was going on, they were still able to remain respectful in conjunction with their treatment and conditions.

According to Paul E. Lovejoy who wrote Transformations in Slavery: A History of Slavery in Africa, America contained the highest percentage (40.5 percent) of ships engaged in slave trade; roughly 2,468,000 captives. While containing the highest number of captives on the various ships, it comes with the unfortunate conditions the Africans had to live in on their journey to the United States. While reading through, An Account of the Slave Trade on the Coast of Africa by Alexander Falconbridge, he explained that the sole purpose of the “housing” for the Africans was so that they did not try to jump overboard while traveling to the states. Also, many of the enslaved Africans had been shackled together at the ankles, so that they could not try to escape, and due to the cramped conditions, many of them could not reach a bathroom and therefore had to sit/lay in their own filth. Below is an example of how the Africans were arranged on the ships. Needless to say, they were packed in their like sardines, and many of them did not survive the “middle passage” due to their living conditions resulting in serious diseases.

slaveship
https://abagond.wordpress.com/2010/05/21/the-transatlantic-slave-trade/

While I was learning how the Africans were treated by their masters and the “middle passage”, it reminded me of the interview in Black Athena with an African American lady. I remember her explaining how she had never really learned about her own history and culture, and she explained it in a way that made it seem like Africans maybe did not have an important history or culture. It is clear now, why some Africans felt like they do not have those aspects, because their ancestors were striped of them when they became slaves to the Europeans. On top of that, the slaves were traded and were brought to the states in order to bring economic development in areas of North America that did not have it. Who wants to be treated as monetary value? When you are treated in this way, you tend to believe you are nothing and not important, and this is sad because Africans have very important history, culture, and religion.

After going through this module, it brings me back to why the United States tends to think of Africa as a charity. I think that many Americans feel bad because of how the Africans were treated when they were slaves, and I think many people believe money can fix this problem. It clearly cannot, and if we think it can we are very wrong. Slavery is a big aspect of everyones history, and nothing can fix how things happened during those times. I think the world has come a long way since those days, but there is always things that could be better. In our aspect, I think we need to stop pushing Africans to learn the ‘American way’. They need to know that they are important too and what they did culturally and historically is just as important now as it was 100 years ago.